Though France has many strict laws against drug use, it remains the European country with the highest rate of cannabis users.
According to one survey, around 31% of 15 and 16-year-olds have used the drug—a rate that is nearly twice as high as the average in other EU countries.
Though cannabis remains the most used drug in the country, it is followed by cocaine, heroin and MDMA, with around 230,000 people being treated for addictions to these substances.
However, it is estimated that around the same number of people are high-risk opioid users who are not receiving any treatment at all.
If you are someone seeking treatment in a drug and alcohol rehab in France, Rehab 4 Addiction can help get you there. Get in contact with us today to see how we can help you reach a full recovery.
To be admitted to a drug and alcohol rehab in France, you first need to undergo a few simple assessments of yourself and your addiction.
These assessments will cover aspects such as how long you have been using substances for, the exact substances you have used or are still using, the method of your abuse (snorting, injecting, smoking, etc.), and whether or not there is any family history of addiction present.
Using this information, other details about your personality and any requirements you may have, we can narrow down your options for treatment facilities and methods and determine where to refer you to.
We will work quickly to provide you with our recommendations, and then support you throughout your referral and admission into a drug and alcohol rehab of your choice.
If you attend a drug and alcohol rehab in France, it is likely that you will be admitted for substance addiction, sometimes referred to as a physical addiction.
However, there are many people that attend rehab and treatment for a very different kind of dependence – psychological addiction.
Though there are many similarities between these two distinctive types of addiction, we differentiate between the two because of the differences in the way the addiction can present itself, and the way that it can impact the individual.
Psychological addictions – such as shopping or gambling – often present emotional and cognitive symptoms, whereas physical addictions display more tangible symptoms, like the build-up of a tolerance for whichever substance is being used, and the existence of withdrawal symptoms such as nausea, headaches, muscle pain and dizziness.
A full detox is the first step needed in the journey to recovery from alcohol addiction.
As alcohol is consumed over the course of a few months or a few years, your body becomes accustomed to this depressant regularly entering the bloodstream.
It can come to rely on this drug, and can eventually stop producing certain chemicals that it receives from the alcohol, becoming completely dependent on it.
Because of this reliance, it can take a long time for your body to adjust to the sudden lack of alcohol, which is why undergoing detox is sometimes a very lengthy process.
During a detox, the adjustment to no alcohol in the body can result in a number of withdrawal symptoms.
These can range from mild symptoms, such as:
To the more severe symptoms, such as:
But many can be eased with certain medications that can be prescribed during your rehab stay.
Some of the mild symptoms may last over a year, whereas some of the most painful side effects of withdrawal should begin to taper off as the first week or so of your detox passes.
How long or how severe your withdrawal symptoms are can be determined by how long you have been suffering from your alcohol addiction.
Those with years of heavy drinking behind them may find they suffer more than those who have only been battling addiction for a few weeks or so.
Though it can be a daunting process, you will most likely have to undergo detox in your drug and alcohol rehab in France.
Similarly to alcohol detoxes, drug detoxes are there to help your body rid itself of the toxins left behind by your drug – or multiple drugs – of choice.
It can also help minimise the risk of further damage being done to your body as you withdraw from the substance.
This process usually lasts around two weeks, but can last longer depending on the severity of your addiction, the drug you have used, and the length of time you have been battling your drug addiction.
Because your body has become dependent on the drug you use, it would be dangerous to suddenly quit, and this could cause more harm than good.
To properly detox, the substance must be slowly tapered off until you are completely withdrawn. This is so your body can adjust to the absence of the drug at a comfortable pace, instead of all at once.
This must be done in a safe and controlled environment so that any side effects can be properly monitored and taken care of, and so certain medications can be administered if necessary.
Some of the most common side effects of withdrawal can include nausea, flu-like symptoms, dizziness, fatigue, mood swings, muscle pain, shaking, and heightened feelings of depression or anxiety.
Mental health plays a huge part in many substance and behavioural addictions.
This is because the two issues of addiction and mental health are intrinsically linked and can overlap in various ways.
An addiction can be the root cause of a mental health disorder, and the opposite is also true; an existing mental health condition can sometimes be the catalyst for substance use and addiction.
When one experiences both an addiction and a mental health disorder, it is called a dual diagnosis.
Clients with a dual diagnosis require much more detailed treatment plans and integrated treatment that works to address both disorders equally.
The two issues are interconnected, so must be treated as such, if one issue was to be neglected whilst the other was treated, it could lead to a relapse or heightened symptoms of the mental health condition.
Signs of a dual diagnosis vary depending on the person affected, the substance of choice, the exact mental health disorder the person is experiencing, and the general severity of both the disorder and the addiction.
However, some dual diagnosis symptoms are common amongst most cases, including:
A residential rehab programme in a drug and alcohol rehab in France will take time to show the results you are aiming for. The average time spent in a rehab is around 28 days.
Having a positive mental attitude towards your treatment and always trying your best to participate is one way of ensuring you are getting the most out of your time in rehab.
It may sound clichéd, but it works, and heading into treatments with a pessimistic or unwilling outlook can have the opposite effect – slowing down your recovery.
As well as a detox, you will also participate in multiple forms of therapy and counselling as part of your treatment plan in a drug and alcohol rehab in France.
Some common methods of treatment include family therapy, group therapy, individual therapy, art therapy, Motivation Enhancement Therapy (MET), and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT).
There are also more specific forms of therapy and treatment that you might encounter during your time in rehab, including:
A treatment that improves behaviour by offering incentives such as treats, prizes or money.
A counselling method that follows ‘RULE’, an acronym made up of four guiding principles that work to improve motivation and the will to change
An intervention therapy that works to improve emotional regulation through the changing of cognitive behaviours
DBT is a type of talking therapy that is most helpful for clients who feel very intense emotions
The 12 steps, first created by the mutual support group Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), are a set of directions that guide those battling substance or behavioural addictions to a successful recovery, and a substance-free life.
They are as follows:
After years of denial, the recovery journey must start with an honest admission of powerlessness over your substance use.
Before any higher power can act in ways to help you, you must first have faith and believe that it can.
Realise that you cannot take the path to recovery alone – it will require help.
Dig deep to understand yourself and your addiction better, and how your behaviour has impacted others.
Have the courage and integrity to stand up and admit your wrongdoings to a higher power or simply another person.
Accept your ‘flaws’ for what they are, and then learn to let them go.
Be humbled by your experience so far, and learn that humility is not always a bad trait to have.
Make a list of friends, family, and other loved ones that you may have hurt with your substance addiction.
Work your way through the list you have made and mend relationships that were broken by your addiction.
Check in on yourself to ensure you are maintaining your recovery, if you find that you are not staying on track in some aspects, make sure you work on it.
Make contact with your higher power to see if they have a plan for your life.
Share your knowledge with people who are also in need of help from the 12 step programme.
Preventing a relapse becomes a number one priority when you are close to the end of your drug and alcohol rehabilitation programme.
To ensure that you do not experience a relapse after leaving rehab, we help clients create a relapse prevention plan to help prepare them for life back home, and guide them through what to do if a relapse does occur.
To create a good relapse prevention plan, you must consider which substance or substances you have used in the past, what your history with drugs and alcohol is like, and what your personal triggers that could lead you to relapse are.
The more detailed and personalised your plan of action is, the better.
When your time in your chosen drug and alcohol rehab draws to an end, you may be thinking of ways to maintain the progress you will have made throughout rehabilitation.
Fellowship and aftercare groups such as AA, as well as Narcotics Anonymous (NA), and Alateen and Al-anon could be just what you are looking for.
These groups were created specifically to help coach those who have experienced addiction to their goals of a substance-free life.
With help from variations of the 12 step programme shown above, and social interactions and emotional support from others in similar situations, members can overcome their addiction and/or maintain a healthy recovery.
There is a huge focus on honesty, sponsorship and community within these groups, and they often acknowledge milestones – such as one month/one year sober – with rewards such as coins or medallions.
These milestones are also usually celebrated with the other members, further fostering the sense of comradery and support.
AA and NA are open to anyone, of any age, and do not require a fee to become a member.
If you wish to find a fellowship group suitable for you, get in touch with a member of the Rehab 4 Addiction team to discuss the options available in your area.
Call us on 0800 140 4690