Rehab 4 Addiction

Drug & Alcohol Rehabs in Plymouth

Rehab 4 Addiction offers drug and alcohol detoxification and rehabilitation services in Plymouth.

This service is offered on an inpatient basis, meaning you live within a Plymouth rehab centre whilst you receive medical assistance throughout your stay.

During your time at a Plymouth rehab centre, you receive expert therapy sessions led by a trained counsellor.

You also receive assistance from a range of medically qualified professionals who ensure your detox takes place in a safe and caring environment.

To learn more, contact Rehab 4 Addiction today on 0800 140 4690.

The First Step to Recovery

Many of you may have attempted to rid your life of drugs and alcohol through sheer willpower.

You may have attended an Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous meeting in Plymouth and got involved in various hobbies in order to distract you from drug and alcohol use.

However, it’s equally likely that you’ve continued to relapse despite your efforts to achieve your recovery goals.

If you relate to the above, it’s likely you will benefit from expert addiction treatment in Plymouth.

Why? Because when you attend a Plymouth drug or alcohol rehabilitation centre, you will receive proven treatments that are known to reverse the fortunes of even the most chronic of drug or alcohol users.

How? Because our partner rehabilitation clinics in Plymouth insist on offering proven therapy techniques that have evolved over the last decade.

These techniques include cognitive behavioural therapy, psychotherapy and a plethora of holistic therapies.

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

Who is Rehab Suitable for?

Group therapy - hands in air

Deciding to attend rehab can be unnerving. Because individuals often underestimate the severity of their addiction, they may not realise that now is the time for rehab.

However, many individuals need addiction help through rehab.

These include:

  • When alcohol tolerance has risen to 30 plus units daily. As a person’s tolerance to alcohol builds, they need to drink more to achieve the same effect. 
  • Individuals with a high tolerance often suffer from mental health conditions (co-occurring mental health conditions). These co-occurring conditions can include depression, anxiety, personality disorders and suicidal thoughts. However, the real danger arises when an individual has been prescribed medication to treat their mental illness. Consuming drugs or alcohol with medication is not only dangerous but can also interfere with their mental health and make it hard to detox at home. 
  • When a person displays personality changes, mood swings or inflicts violence against their loved ones once intoxicated. 
  • Individuals that have made multiple attempts at sobriety without success.
  • Specific high-risk clients suffering from chronic conditions, including alcoholic seizures, delirium tremens and Wernicke’s Encephalopathy.
  • Anyone meeting the DSM-IV-TR criteria for substance dependence (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Text Revision) would be suitable for rehab. 

To indicate substance dependence, a person would have to demonstrate three or more of the below criteria in 12 months: 

  • A building substance tolerance
  • Clear withdrawal symptoms or an obvious need to consume more substances when withdrawal symptoms set in
  • Consuming drugs in larger amounts or over more time than intended
  • Many unsuccessful efforts to reduce or control substance abuse
  • Spending more time trying to obtain, use or recover from the substance
  • A strong sense of neglect in relation to work, school, family, friends, and recreational activities
  • Continued consumption despite the knowledge that the frequent use of substances creates a physical or psychological problem 

If you’re still unsure if rehab is right for you, our friendly and helpful staff at Rehab 4 Addiction can answer any questions you may have. 

The Rehab Admissions Process in Plymouth

Completing our straightforward assessment is the first step towards the admissions process in Plymouth.

This assessment allows us to find you the most suitable treatment plan based on the type and severity of your addiction.

Once you’re happy to accept the referral we’ve put in place for you, you’ll be able to visit the rehab centre and go through a more in-depth assessment.

The clinician needs to ask further questions not to embarrass you, but to ensure they provide the most appropriate treatment. 

During these assessments, mental health professionals can use a number of tools.

These can include: 

  • The ASAM Criteria

A valuable tool for recognising the type and intensity of treatment needed for addiction recovery is the six dimensions of the ASAM Criteria. 

This criterion allows for a structured, multidimensional assessment focusing on holistic, biopsychosocial, physical health, addiction treatment, and mental health services. 

  • DSM-5

Another essential tool in the rehab admissions process in Plymouth includes the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5).

Using this complex device allows for the severity of substance abuse disorders to be broken down into three levels, and ensure you go down the right treatment path. 

Clinicians determine the severity of a substance use disorder by how many of the 11 symptoms an individual demonstrates. For example, two or three symptoms would indicate a mild substance use disorder (level 1). 

Four or five symptoms would indicate a moderate substance use disorder (level 2), and six or more symptoms would indicate a severe substance use disorder (level 3), classed as an addiction. 

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test

Group

Clinicians can decide if alcohol consumption is severe enough to warrant a stay in rehab through the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).

Consisting of 10 comprehensive questions used to screen for alcohol harm, it’s easy to see why AUDIT has been used extensively in health and social settings in the UK. 

Patients are asked to answer a set of questions with a score of zero to four. Questions one to three are used to determine the level of alcohol intake. Questions four to six assess the level of alcohol dependency. 

Questions seven to ten focus on discovering the extent of alcohol damage on an individual’s life.

For example, a score of 13 points or more would be a clear indicator of alcohol dependency, whereas a score of 8 or more is still a cause for concern.

Pre-Rehab Steps: Intervention 

group-standing

Intervention refers to the action or process of intervening or improving a medical disorder.

Therefore, means intervening to help a loved person understand that they have an addiction that they need help to overcome.  

As an organised attempt to confront a friend or family member about the impact and reality of their alcohol, substance, or behavioural addiction.

Participants typically come in the form of friends and family members. However, enlisting an intervention specialist gives you the best outcome.

When participating in an intervention, all groups’ members should be aiming to educate and support the person. 

The common goal should always be to provide a well-defined opportunity to create positive change and build a strategy to resolve the addiction.

That’s where the help of an intervention specialist can be vital. 

One of the more helpful approaches to intervention includes the CRAFT approach (Community Reinforcement and Family Training).

In contrast to the generic type of intervention, the CRAFT approach allows family members to learn how to help their loved ones achieve sobriety. 

Usually, the standard form of intervention simply involves confronting the person to encourage them to attend rehab. No education is provided.

But the education the CRAFT method provides can help those refusing to admit that they have an addiction.

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

How Much Does Rehab Cost in Plymouth?

Therapy room

The price for rehab in Plymouth will always vary based on a few mitigating factors. For example, simply choosing one centre over another will cause a fluctuation in price. 

In addition, the length of time you stay in rehab and whether you opt for a private or multiple occupancy room will also have an impact.

However, there is a range of price points available to suit any circumstances.

Opting for 10-day detox in a multi-occupancy will range from £2000 to £4000, whereas a single occupancy room for the same duration will cost £3000 to £6000.

If staying in rehab for 28 days is something you’re considering, you will need to spend between £8000 to £12,000 for a single occupancy room.

If you’re happy to take a multiple occupancy room, it will cost you about £6000.

You can also save money by opting for a home detox, which some do have success with.

However, at the budget price of around £1,500, home detox will not provide all the support you need to learn to say no to temptations. 

At Rehab 4 Addiction, we may be able to inform you of the exact prices of local rehab clinics in Plymouth before you go ahead with the treatment. 

Private Rehab vs Council Funded Rehab Treatment

Industrial bedroom with dark wooden floors

Although the aim of both private rehab and council-funded rehab treatment is the same; to help you achieve life-long sobriety, the nature of these two centres can differ. 

The first difference you’ll notice is cost, with private rehab costing at least between £1,500 to £3,000 per week, depending on the area and type of treatment chosen.

Although this may sound expensive, the true benefit comes from instant access to addiction treatment.

In contrast, free, council-funded drug and alcohol treatments often involve long waiting lists. Enrolling on a private rehab ensures you have access to a safe and encouraging environment when you most need it.  

Although private rehab may sound expensive, the cost is completely worth it when you consider the vast variety of treatments available based on your particular needs. 

For example, you’ll have access to talking therapies like cognitive behavioural therapy, that help you retrain your brain to cope with addiction triggers. 

Putting your mind and body in the right place for recovery is also possible through private rehab, due to a combined treatment plan focussing on the mind and body. 

These essential treatments include access to vital drug and alcohol detox clinics and holistic therapies such as acupuncture, art therapy, music therapy, and yoga are offered. 

When under the care of private rehab, these therapies are also facilitated by highly trained doctors and therapists.

What’s more, you’ll be able to compile a relapse prevention plan before you leave rehab, often with 12-months of aftercare.

Due to long waiting lists, you may not be able to access residential rehab through council-funded options. Despite your needs, you may only have access to outpatient clinics. 

In contrast, the residential nature of private rehab enables you to separate yourself from all the bad influences and triggers in your daily life. However, outpatient centres can allow for distractions that endanger your sobriety. 

Publicly funded rehab may not provide the same level of care and treatment, the good news is that it provides treatment accessible to all, no matter your circumstances. 

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

Criteria for Substance Use Disorder in DSM-5

Group holding leafs

Many people, especially those struggling with substance use disorder themselves, aren’t aware of what classifies a substance use disorder (SUD).

However, as mentioned above, classifying substance abuse is possible through the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). 

The most recent update to DMS (DSM-5) covers the criteria for substance abuse disorders and other mental health disorders.

Substance use disorders are classified as mild, moderate, or severe and diagnosed based on how many relevant diagnostic criteria an individual meets.

There are 11 DSM-5 criteria, and when patients meet two to three of the requirements, they are deemed to have a mild substance use disorder. 

Meeting four to five of the criteria would be considered as having a moderate SUD.

Whereas meeting six or more criteria would indicate that the individual has a severe SUD. This severe SUD would be classified as an addiction that needs urgent help. 

How Long Does Rehab Last? 

Rehab-house

Rehab refers to a residential, inpatient treatment centre. Because you are receiving full-time treatment, in contrast to an outpatient facility, your treatment can be provided in a shorter time frame with no gaps between sessions. 

Although treatment times will vary different between patients, rehab treatment can often be undertaken in seven days.

These seven-day stints offer the most success for those suffering from mild addiction or those who feel they may be at risk of relapse. 

In contrast, anyone who has been suffering from a severe alcohol or substance abuse disorder for a long time should consider the more beneficial 28-day rehab recovery plan.

Staying in a residential facility for 28-days allows you to focus on your recovery for a vital amount of time. 

In addition, 28-days gives patients the time needed to go through physical withdrawal, uncover why they have become addicted, and learn to avoid triggers through essential therapies.

However, you’ll often be able to extend your stay at rehab to 90 days if needed. What’s more, rehab clinics usually offer a 12-month aftercare programme for free. 

Alcohol Detox and Rehab in Plymouth 

Before you can access the effective therapies that allow you to get to the bottom of your addiction, you will need to physically withdraw from drugs and alcohol.

Unfortunately,  withdrawing from drugs and alcohol can be unpleasant and dangerous.

Some of the symptoms include:

  • Aches and pains
  • Nausea
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings
  • Changes in temperature
  • Hallucinations

And more. For those with a severe addiction, the symptoms can be dangerous, even fatal.  

To keep you safe and uncomfortable, the rehab centres we refer you to offer the highest level of care and treatment to mitigate these dangers.

So, for example, if you suffer from alcohol abuse, you will have the chance to go through safer pharmacological intervention through Librium-based detox. 

Receiving the correct dose of benzodiazepine (Librium) over ten days is essential in reducing many symptoms of anxiety, panic symptoms, confused thinking, and withdrawal seizures often caused by alcohol detox.

Rehab will also start with this form of medically managed detox, when necessary, followed by a further three weeks in rehab.

This three-week stay leaves patients with the vital opportunity to battle the emotional causes of addiction. 

Fighting these causes of addiction is possible through individual and groups therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy, exposure therapy, and holistic therapies. 

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

The Risks of Unmanaged Alcohol Withdrawal

Without proper medical care and attention, withdrawing from alcohol is not only unpleasant but potentially dangerous.

When heavy drinkers suddenly stop drinking or reduce their alcohol intake, they often suffer from Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS), causing both physical and emotional symptoms. 

These symptoms can range from mild fatigue to nausea; increasing to severe hallucinations, seizures, and heart disturbances.

When alcohol withdrawal is not managed correctly, the symptoms of AWS can lead to life-threatening delirium tremens (DT). 

Those with severe AWS symptoms need medical care from a residential rehab that offers medically managed withdrawal.

Because alcohol withdrawal presents both psychological and physical effects, it needs to be met with a range of appropriate medicines and therapies to manage your symptoms. 

Receiving excellent medical care while you go through detox from alcohol allows you to do this. It keeps you comfortable through the management of your symptoms whilst also managing any complications. 

Alcohol Home Detox in Plymouth 

Before recommending an alcohol home detox, our team need to go through a thorough assessment to determine your drinking habits.

For example, drinking below 30 units per day would indicate that you are not exceptionally high risk. A fact that means you may be eligible for an alcohol home detox in Plymouth.

When this is the case, Librium is usually sent out to the patient.

Librium is a form of benzodiazepine and is essential in tackling the challenging first wave of alcohol detox because it has a calming and sedative effect on anxiety. 

Ensuring that you avoid self-detox at home, where you receive no medical care, is vital in ensuring your comfort and safety.

However, a medically managed home detox means you can be assessed by a psychiatrist, be prescribed anti-withdrawal medicine and monitor your progress daily via telephone. 

While this detox method is cheaper, it is not as safe as receiving full medical supervision in a residential setting.

However, home detox is a brilliant option for those at low risk of complications and with ample support from family and friends. 

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

Rehab for Cocaine in Plymouth

People in circle holding hands

Cocaine is a dangerous and powerful drug that causes significant physical and psychological damage to your health.

What’s more, cocaine is highly addictive because it creates a range of short-lived but intense pleasurable effects, leading to changes in the brain. 

A natural high becomes impossible to maintain, resulting in repeated use, increased tolerance and ultimately a cocaine addiction.

If you have been using cocaine for a long time, have a high tolerance and are struggling to overcome your cocaine addiction, you are likely to need the support of rehab for cocaine. 

However, because crack cocaine is not a physically addictive drug, detoxing from home won’t result in uncomfortable or dangerous physical withdrawals, unlike alcohol or heroin. 

Therefore, you won’t receive any technical cocaine detox in rehab. But finding a rehab for cocaine in Plymouth will give you the professional support and treatment needed to reverse the effects of cocaine addiction. 

In addition, overcoming the adverse side effects of cocaine addiction, such as paranoia, depression, and anxiety means you can live your health with a healthier mind.

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

Rehab for Heroin in Plymouth

Group therapy - teens - black and white

Heroin is another dangerous drug that can be difficult to escape from. As a potent opiate, heroin has a severe reputation for affecting whole communities globally.

Achieving sobriety from heroin can be tricky and dangerous as the steps aren’t simple, but essential to living a life free from heroin addiction. 

As a physically addictive drug, life-threatening heroin addictions can be overcome with a suitable rehab for heroin in Plymouth.

By enrolling in rehab, you will go through the essential first stage of heroin detox that helps to treat the dangerous physical withdrawal symptoms. 

Because withdrawal symptoms occur mere hours after taking a dose of heroin, causing you to crave more heroin, it’s best to enrol in heroin rehab to ensure your comfort and safety. 

Looking for heroin rehab in Plymouth means you can receive medically managed detox to make withdrawal easier and safer.

Rehab can then help you maintain your sobriety by engaging in therapies that let you get to the bottom of your addiction so you can learn to overcome it.

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

Rehab for Cannabis in Plymouth 

Female therapist with male

With many claims that cannabis has many health benefits, individuals are often under the impression that cannabis abuse is not damaging to the mind and body.

But in truth, cannabis is one of the most abused psychoactive substances around the globe. 

The main component of cannabis is the Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) compound, which binds to the cannabinoid receptors in the brain.

This compound dangerously mimics the natural pleasure feelings you usually get from everyday activities like eating and socialising. 

Unfortunately, this can cause a high tolerance and dependence to develop quickly, meaning that dependence and addiction often ensue as individuals chase more of this high.  

Because cannabis is not physically addictive in the same sense as alcohol and heroin, you will not need to go through a dangerous and unpleasant detox programme.

However, finding a rehab for Cannabis in Plymouth is vital if you would like to learn how to stay sober in the long term. 

Rehab for cannabis provides you with the therapy and activities needed to help you get to the bottom of your addiction and learn coping mechanisms to avoid inevitable triggers. 

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

Types of Therapies on Offer in Plymouth Rehabs

Massage

The best method for treating drug and alcohol abuse should always feature combined treatments that focus on both the mind and body.

An assessment of your needs through Rehab 4 Addiction means you can receive this kind of comprehensive treatment plan based on your needs. 

For example, after you’ve gone through the initial physical detoxification process, some of these treatments may include:

  • Individual Therapy: Individual therapy allows access to private sessions with a mental health professional in the form of a therapist, counsellor, psychologist, or psychiatrist. These sessions will enable you to understand why you consume drugs or alcohol and teach you coping mechanisms. 
  • Talking Therapies: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that is especially helpful in managing the way you think and behave, allowing you to develop better responses to addiction triggers.  A second helpful talking therapy comes from Dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT), which is similar to CBT but is more useful to those who feel emotions very powerfully. 
  • Group Therapy: Group therapy is an essential part of rehab because of the tremendous benefits it brings to recovery. Some of its naturally rewarding benefits include a sense of empathy as you share with others, hearing similar stories to your own. You are also likely to feel more understood, less isolated, and more inspired by other success stories through group therapy. 
  • Family Therapy: Family therapy is a common feature of rehab because of the family’s essential role in helping loved ones recover from addiction. As a result, the person struggling with the addiction and the family members benefit from family therapy as old wounds are healed, and a deeper understanding of addiction develops. 
  • Holistic Therapies: Holistic therapies offer a wide range of activities that help put your mind and both in the right place to focus on your recovery. These holistic therapies can include yoga, music therapy, art therapy, equine therapy, and adventure therapy like hiking, and much more.
  • Other Therapies: Other essential therapies that you will be able to make the most of when finding a rehab in Plymouth include co-dependency treatment, motivational interviewing, brief interventions, and the Twelve-Step Facilitation Therapy (TSF). 

The Importance of Dual Diagnosis for Co-occurring Disorders

Health and wellness massage for sports and fitness

Addiction often comes with co-occurring mental health disorders. These mental health disorders can be present as a pre-existing condition that may have been a factor in developing an addiction or may have been the result of addiction. 

The underlying psychiatric disorders that co-occur include anxiety, mood disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder, personality disorders such as schizophrenia, and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). 

Time and research show that rehab centres that simultaneously provide a personalised and comprehensive treatment plan for addiction yield the best results.

Therefore, finding a rehab centre that offers dual diagnosis gives you the best chance to uncover any co-occurring disorders, allowing for appropriate treatment. 

Offering sophisticated assessments and extensive, personalised therapy helps you to deal with any mental health issues. Having access to these therapies gives you all the tools you need to overcome addiction. 

Relapse Prevention Planning at Rehab

Diverse people in a support group

When you leave rehab and return to the real world, a real-world full of stresses, temptations, and triggers, you’ll want a plan in place for those days when everything feels too much. 

What’s more, relapse in addiction is a common risk factor. This issue means it is essential to have a relapse prevention plan documented before leaving rehab.

This relapse prevention plan is essential in preventing you from returning to bad, addictive habits. 

Before you leave rehab, the professional support staff will assist you in writing your relapse prevention plan document, which consists of a plan of action to allow you to deal with the potential for addiction triggers and cravings. 

The Alternatives to Rehab

Walking outside

Although enrolling in residential rehab is your best bet at tackling most moderate to severe forms of recovery, there are other alternatives if rehab is not an option for you.

  • Outpatient Treatment: Outpatient treatment through a local drug and alcohol rehab is suitable for those who cannot take the time away from their everyday responsibilities for residential rehab. Without this treatment, they would otherwise miss out on the necessary treatment they need. Outpatient addictions programmes allow patients to live their lives as normally as possible while attending treatment sessions. This system allows for optimum flexibility and a high level of care but does not protect you from the temptations of addiction. 
  • Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous: Research has shown that support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous are effective and practical techniques in treating alcohol and drug addiction. 

For example, participating in a 12-step programme, consistently attending meetings, and staying involved in the 12-step suggested activities leads to a strong chance of sustaining abstinence over one or more years. 

  • SMART Recovery: Being trapped in the addictive loop can cause feelings of isolation. However, signing up for SMART recovery group meetings allow you to communicate with people who understand and have gone through what you are going through.  SMART Recovery meetings follow a standard, organised structure and are run by trained facilitators. These meetings focus on the addictive behaviour rather than the substance itself, using evidence-based tools like Cognitive Behavioural therapy that allow you to find ways to overcome your addiction. 
  • Al-Anon Family Group Meetings: Due to the damaging nature of addiction on families and loved ones, utilising Al-Anon Family Group meetings is helpful when a family member’s drinking affects the lives of those in the family.  Al-Anon provides meetings in all major UK towns and cities to give you the help you need, when you need it. During these group sessions, you’ll get to hear how others struggle with the same family issues you do, helping you feel a little more understood.  

In addition, listening and perhaps sharing your own experiences can help you build the confidence and motivation needed to deal with the impact of a family member drinking.

  • Home Detox: As mentioned above, home detox is a helpful way for anyone with a mild addiction to go through alcohol detox in the comfort of their own home. When facilitated by a suitable rehab centre, home detox provides assessment to determine the severity of addiction, dose of medicine (Librium) for managing detox, and ongoing support via telephone. This method is far safer than detoxing alone at home with zero medical supervision. Through a Rehab 4 Addiction referral, we can help you find a drug and alcohol rehab in Plymouth that can help with a home detox. 

How to Access Drug and Alcohol Treatment in Plymouth

rehab - outside photo of exterior building

We hope you are excited about the possibility of attending a Plymouth drug and alcohol rehabilitation centre.

In fact, you are probably wondering how you may gain access to this addiction treatment in Plymouth.

When you make contact with our admissions staff, we conduct a short assessment. This ensures you are placed in a Plymouth rehab clinic that suits your needs.

During this assessment, we determine the severity of your addiction to drugs or alcohol.

This information is then fed back to our consultant psychiatrist who utilises this information when prescribing you with a suitable detoxification programme.

Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 140 4690

What to Expect at Rehab

Diverse people in a supporting group session

The rehab is located adjacent to the shore. This means you will enjoy seafront views. The rehab offers single occupancy bedrooms with ensuite facilities.

The downstairs area has two large recreational rooms and four therapy rooms. There is a large private garden area.

The dining room has access to a grand piano, a plus for those who are musically talented. The rehab employs kitchen staff, including a professional chef, to prepare your daily meals.

The rehab maintains a multi-disciplinary staff made up of various medical and addiction experts. This includes psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses and professional therapists.

There is also a number of laypersons who form part of the rehab’s recovery community. These people offer everyday expertise in 12-step programmes, mindfulness and other holistic therapies.

Requesting more information

If you are ready to gain instant access to a Plymouth drug and alcohol rehab centre, contact the team at Rehab 4 Addiction today at 0800 140 4690.

Alternatively, contact us through this website through the contact form.

Rehab 4 Addiction officers a range of addiction treatments in Devon, including Plymouth, Exeter, Barnstable, Bideford, Torquay and Barnstaple.

References

[1] https://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/sourcereleasedocs/current/DSM4/index.html

[2] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6876533/

[3] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3767415/

[4] https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/684823/Alcohol_use_disorders_identification_test__AUDIT_.pdf

[5] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3331969/

[6] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3767415/

[7] https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/addiction-withdrawal-symptoms

[8] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459239/

[9] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK441882/

 [10] https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-are-some-ways-cocaine-changes-brain

[11] https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/what-are-treatments-heroin-use-disorder

[12] https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/how-does-marijuana-produce-its-effects

[13] https://www.nhs.uk/mental-health/talking-therapies-medicine-treatments/talking-therapies-and-counselling/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-cbt/overview/

[14] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64223/

[15] https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/common-comorbidities-substance-use-disorders/part-1-connection-between-substance-use-disorders-mental-illness

[16] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4654192/

[17] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3140338/

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